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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 125-134

The adaptation of gender identity / gender dysphoria questionnaire for adults: Turkish validity and reliability studies


1 Department of Psychiatry, Uskudar University, NPIstanbul Neuropsychiatry Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Department of Child and Adult Psychiatry, NPIstanbul Neuropsychiatry Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
3 Department of New Media and Journalism, Faculty of Communication, Uskudar University, Istanbul, Turkey
4 Clinical Psychologist, Department of Child and Adult Psychiatry, NPIstanbul Neuropsychiatry Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Aylin Tutgun-Unal
Department of New Media and Journalism, Faculty of Communication, Uskudar University, Istanbul
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jnbs.jnbs_23_21

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Background: The fact that the concepts of sexual identity and gender dysphoria have become more important all over the world and in Turkey has led clinicians to need powerful measuring tools to evaluate and comment on this structure. Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate language equivalence, validity, and reliability studies of the Turkish version of the Gender Identity / Gender Dysphoria Questionnaire for Adult (GIDQ), which was developed by Deogracias et al. (2007). Materials and Methods: The scale was applied to 368 individuals (heterosexual and nonheterosexual) consisting of university students and trans-oriented individuals. Pearson's correlation coefficients revealed positive and significant values in the consistency analysis between the English and Turkish forms for linguistic equivalence studies of the GIDQ Adult Form for ages 18 and over. Results: The factor analysis performed to determine the construct validity of the 5-item Likert type scale, the original of which has a single factor and 27 items, a single factor, and 25-item structure were obtained which accounted for 51.8% of the total variance. When the internal consistency of the scale was calculated, the Cronbach Alpha value was found to be 0.89. Conclusion: According to the comparison of three groups (heterosexual, nonheterosexual, and those with gender dysphoria), average calculations, and effect size (d) analyses in the discrimination validity studies, it was observed that the gender dissatisfaction of university students was at a low level. It was found to be close to the intermediate level in the nonheterosexual male group. The results show that the Turkish form of the scale is valid and reliable.


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