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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 240-246

The impact of perceived stress on risk evaluations among health-care students during coronavirus disease-2019 outbreak

1 Department of Physiology, Usküdar University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Art and Science, Istinye University, Istanbul, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Zozan Guleken
Department of Physiology, Usküdar University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jnbs.jnbs_31_21

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Aims and Objectives: Perception has an important role in managing crisis situations such as pandemics. While studies have been conducted on the risk and stress perceptions of health-care workers, there has not been any study on the stress and risk perceptions of health science students who have not yet started this profession, which was investigated herein. Materials and Methods: Participants (n = 225) reported their physiological changes, the level of perceived stress (PSS) caused by the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, and the evaluations of the risk perception through questionnaire form. Two cut-off scores of the PSS-14 were calculated as low (<M-SD), moderate (>M-SD and <M + SD), and high level (>M + SD) of perceived stress. The correlation between the PSS-14 and risk perception scores was analyzed using Spearman's rho correlation coefficient. The Wilcoxon Signed Rank test was used to evaluate pairwise risky situation comparisons. Two logistic regression was conducted to test the association between PSS-14 scores and appetite routine. Results: Mean PSS was higher among female students. The participants with a high level of perceived stress have a higher difference between the own risk perception and own risk perception referred to others, and there was a difference between own and own referred to others in the items of risk perception for shaking hands, prayer room, protection against disease, and protection against COVID-19 virus. Conclusions: Finally, people's perception of risk could be biased regarding their perceived stress level, and this may lead to not make the right judgments for the risky decisions.

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